Taking part in exchange and mobility projects is a rewarding experience: participants benefit from personal development and acquire various skills. This opportunity should be open to everyone, regardless of their personal situation. For this reason, Movetia promotes equal opportunities and inclusion, and provides additional resources to enable people with fewer opportunities to take part in mobility projects.

To whom does the term participants with fewer opportunities refer?

The situation of people with fewer opportunities can be diverse and differs depending on context. As a general principle, a person with fewer opportunities is facing one or more obstacles that make it more difficult for them to access international mobility in practice. The following situations can affect participation in and access to formal and non-formal education, mobility across borders, and democratic and social processes:

  • Special needs: people with a physical or mental disability
  • Health-related obstacles: e.g. people with chronic health problems, severe illnesses, psychiatric conditions, etc.
  • Cultural obstacles: e.g. immigrants, refugees or descendants from immigrant or refugee families; people belonging to a national, linguistic or ethnic minority, etc.
  • Economic obstacles: e.g. people living in difficult financial circumstances, in debt or poverty; people in long-term unemployment, etc.
  • Social obstacles: e.g. people facing discrimination because of their gender, age, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation or religion; young people with social differences; people with addictions; single parents; (former) offenders, etc.
  • Educational obstacles: e.g. people with learning difficulties, early school leavers, etc.
  • Geographical obstacles: e.g. people from remote, rural areas with lack of access to social activities, facilities and public services; people from problem regions (e.g. with higher levels of environmental pollution or from urban problem neighbourhoods), etc.

The causes of disadvantage are determinded by the prevailing, sometimes country-specific context. Being in one of the situations referred to above does not automatically lead to fewer opportunities compared to peers (e.g. not everyone belonging to a minority is automatically disadvantaged compared to his/her peers).

What costs does Movetia cover in relation to participants with fewer opportunities?

Costs in connection with the participation of people with fewer opportunities or special needs can be applied for under the budget item “extraordinary costs” or “special needs” in the project application. All costs connected with the participation of people with a physical or mental disability are regarded as “special needs support”, for example the costs of a sign language interpreter or additional transport costs for wheelchair users. Expenses in the context of participants with fewer opportunities can be declared under “extraordinary costs”, e.g. special insurance costs or costs for additional accompanying persons to look after individuals. In the case of projects that take place in Switzerland and bilateral projects abroad, the costs incurred are covered in full. For participation in Erasmus+ projects, 100% of additional costs for special needs are covered; extraordinary costs are not eligible. You can find further information on grants in the Grants document.

In the project application, a person’s situation and his/her disadvantage compared to peers should be briefly described and explained in order for Movetia to understand the costs being applied for. 

In exceptional cases, if the participation of someone with fewer opportunities was not foreseeable at the time of the project application, supplementary financial support (application form available in German and French) can be applied for after the project has been granted in order to cover any additional costs. You can find all the information on this in the information sheet (available in German and French). 

Where can I find further information?

Further information on the subject of inclusion and how inclusive projects in extracurricular youth projects can be organised is available on the website of the SALTO Resource Centre “Inclusion and Diversity” or in the Inclusion and Diversity Strategy of the European Commission. Helpful information is provided, for example, in the Brochure “Inclusion – A Compass to International Inclusion Projects”.