Neither educational nor research cooperation are legally bound with the Framework Agreement. Currently, we cannot definitively determine the extent to which the decision not to sign the IFA will hinder a successful association, which remains Switzerland’s objective in these negotiations.
In Switzerland, the Federal Council, Parliament and the key educational actors have all advocated for Switzerland’s association to the Erasmus+ programme for 2021 to 2027. The State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) has met with the Directorate-General for Education and Culture (DG EAC) of the European Commission repeatedly on an informal level since May 2019 (see the SERI Fact Sheet on Switzerland and Erasmus+).
It remains to be seen if and when Switzerland can start negotiations for the purpose of an association to Erasmus+. Perhaps the current situation will present the opportunity for cooperation in less controversial areas, such as education and extracurricular youth work.